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935 articles now available
- Schuyler Sloane, Founder and
President of the Northeast Philadelphia Aquarium Society, starts off the month with: 10 Rules
for Being a Good Fishkeeping Husband.
- Roberto Petracini submitted
an illustrated article about a new species of catfish he discovered near his home in
Argentina: Epactionotus aky.
- Peter McKane, of
England and currently residing in Holland, wrote "On 10th of August, a new
charitable organization called Help The Fish
will open its doors officially to the public. Our goal is to provide a directory or fish
stores internationally with users' comments, thoughts and opinions separating the good
from the bad....We have a public forum, functionality to list fish stores, and methods to
rate the quality of the stores submitted by our users."
Peter has reproduced some articles from Aquarticles on his
new site, and in return has donated Caring for Zebra Danios, 10 Things to Know About Dwarf Puffers, New Fish Diary - Figure Eight
Things to Know About Bumblebee Gobies,
and Fish Acclimatization.
- August 7: Updated Page Views Cumulative Count. How many times has each article been read?
- Occasionally Aquarticles gets unsolicited messages of
appreciation. Recently Michele B. wrote: "I just wanted to let you
know that I think your website is the best one I have seen so far. Your articles are
interesting and simple to understand. I am deleting all the other fish websites I have
bookmarked, except for Aquarticles.com. Thankyou." ...Thankyou Michele!
- Cem Ertan wrote from Turkey to ask permission to translate some Aquarticles articles into Turkish, for the first and only Turkish
aquarium magazine Akvaryum Dunyasi Dergisi (Aquarium World Magazine): website in
We were pleased to agree. Some lucky authors will be receiving mail from
928 articles now available
- Kevin Thurston edits the
newsletter of the Colorado Aquarium Society,
and regularly uses articles from Aquarticles. In return he
has contributed nine of his own authoritative articles, including How
I Raise Anabantoid Fry, Jumbo
Catfishes, Hybrids, What is a Fish Worth?, Dealing With Those Confusing Fish Names, The Black Trigger.
- Bill Shenefelt wanted a cold water fish room to supplement his warm
water one, so he took over his garage: Cold Water Fish Room. Also, information about how to remove minerals from
hard water, including the use of reverse osmosis: Water Treatment.
- July 12: Updated Page View Cumulative Count. How many times has each article been read?
- Karen Lang, editor of The Informer, Green Water Aquarist Society of Chicagoland, sent
her article Apple Snails, Bob Blaho's Selection and
Use of a Microscope for Aquarists, and The 8
Steps of Spawning Corys by Robert
- David Marshall contributed another report in his series about
public aquariums in the U.K. and Europe: The Fish at Hull's Pearson Park.
- Schuyler (Mr. Sky) Sloane,
founder and president of the Northeast Philadelphia Aquarium Society, wrote to say that he
has created a new Google group where board members of aquarium societies can swap ideas
and information. Go to: http://groups-beta.google.com/group/aquariumsocietyexchange
- Gerald Jennings, of London, wrote about his new project: 'The
Aphanius Project is a breeding programme sponsored by Calypso Research, a branch of the
Calypso Organization. Its goal is to spawn and raise a range of endangered Aphanius
killifish in captivity; to standardise their breeding requirements in order that the
project may be replicated, and to build up sufficient stocks for eventual re-release into
their original habitat." Supplies of any Aphanius species are needed. For more
information go to the web page of The
Calypso Organization and click on 'Calypso Research.'
913 articles now available
- Another well written fish profile by Joe
Gallo, of Texas: Congo Tetra.
- Indian aquarist S. Naga Siddharth
recounts his personal experiences Breeding Jewel Cichlids, with original photos.
- Madan Subramanian and his friends in Bangalore, India, went on an
exhausting weekend trip to find the beautiful but elusive barb Puntius denisonii. A photographic report.
- David Marshall, of the Ryedale Aquarist Society, England, describes a
seldom seen African catfish, Synodontis katangae,....and also updated his article on the Blue
Reef Aquarium at Tynemouth.
- Bill Shenefelt of the Greater Pittsburgh Aquarium Society contributed Shene's Beginners' Guide to
Killies, from his website http://sheneskillies.com.
908 articles now available
- Colin Calway rears koi under
natural conditions on his fish farm in Florida, and observes that as they grow older they
display different social behaviour patterns.
- Eric Naus, of Holland,
wrote to offer articles from his website in Amsterdam: Aquaworld. Added Breeding
- Added a new store to the Aquarium
Stores of Vancouver Canada series: Big Al's Aquarium Services, Richmond. Have you ever seen a $6,000 arowana?!
- David Marshall of the Ryedale
Aquarist Society, sent an illustrated report on his visit to The
Four Ponds of Burton Agnes Hall, in
- Bill 'PegasusNZ' wrote to say that he is looking for somebody to take
over his forum 'Aquaprobs Online', a New Zealand based discussion group about aquarium
problems. See: http://aquaprobs.suddenlaunch.com/index.cgi?board=Bill
- From Stefan vd Voort of Holland,
a description of the newly discovered Betta aurigens, and how to keep and breed bettas of the Betta waseri group.
- Courtesy of Roland Seah of Singapore, added Introduction
to the Cryptocoryne Genus, by Xema,
- Ananda Menon, of India, contributed Setting-up a Community Tank.
900 articles now available
- Joe Gallo, of Texas, contributed
a detailed profile of another of his favourite fish: Senegal (Cuvier's) Bichir (Polypterus
senegalus), and also one about the African
Butterfly Fish (Pantadon buchalzi).
- Tom Haupenthal, from his
website fish2friends.com, answers the perennial
question: How do I euthanize my fish?
- Added an article about keeping Dwarf
Puffers, by Kaiwa, of
- Brian Torreano of btdarters.com
sent his latest article, about an accidental spawning of the killifish Fundulopanchax gardneri.
- From the archives of the Southern Colorado Aquarium Society,
nine well-written articles by president David Ball, including Creating
a Natural Zaire River Tank, The Lighter
Side of Tropheus, Live Foods: Grasshoppers and Crickets and Earthworms, Confessions of an Mbuna Freak, and others marked new in
the Breeding and Management sections.
- and also, from Southern Colorado's webmaster Curt Dunaway: Lighting
Terms, and Setting-up
Your First Planted Tank.
- William Berg, a vastly
experienced Swedish aquarist currently living in Moscow, submitted three more articles
that he wrote for aquaticcommunity.com, his
own website: Breeding Piranhas, Breeding Clownfish, and Feeding Bettas.
- Schuyler Sloane founded
the Northeast Philadelphia Aquarium Society
just over a year ago, and has added Parts 2 and 3 of his series of articles about how he
did it: Fish Have Aquarium Clubs, Why
- Mark Weierman wrote to
offer a new collection of articles by the Greater
Cincinnati Aquarium Society. Added Mark's spawning report on the livebearer Xenophallus umbratilis, Mike Satkowski's Chalinochromis
sp. "Ndobnoi", Mike
calvus, and an impressive and
detailed series of five articles about water chemistry by Lenny Llambi -
start with: The Stuff That Water's Made Of, Part 1: The
Molecule, Temperature, Saltwater, and Osmosis.
- Joe Lover, of the Iowa
Aquaria Association, sent his species profile about the Lake Malawi cichlid Cyrtocara moorii.
- Doug Kamp, of
Australia, contributed Marine Aquarium Do's and Don'ts for
Beginners, from his website aquariumsonline.com.au
- Sam Davies, of Surrey, England, describes how he made a simple 5
Minute D.I.Y. Sponge Filter for his
- Curt Dunaway, of the Southern Colorado Aquarium Society, sent Anatomy
of a Crypt., an illustrated article he
wrote for his website www.plantgeek.net.
867 articles now available
- Two more photographic articles about my recent visit to China: A
Photographic Visit to Ocean Park Aquarium in Hong Kong, and The Goldfish Pagoda at Ocean
Park, Hong Kong.
- During my visit to China I came across lots
of live fish for sale, kept in fish tanks in restaurants. I took photos of them, at: Fish Seen in Chinese
Restaurants. Some of the fish I couldn't
identify. Can anyone help?
- Added another collection of 42 cartoons by Adrian Lawler: Tank
Tales, Part IV
- And an article by Dr. Lawler
about a way aquarium water can transmit diseases through the air: Fish
Tank Aerosols Transmitting Infections to Other Tanks or Humans.
- The editors of FishLore.com have been adding articles from Aquarticles to their site, and have here contributed one of their
own: Breeding Livebearers - Guppies
- RR Sriram and Beta
Mahatvaraj were part of a group of Indian aquarists who spent a long weekend
studying ecosystems and collecting plants in the Western Ghats - Photo
Feature: Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary.
- In our aquariums we keep tropical plants,
but the cold arctic lakes of Greenland also have a rich variety of aquatic vegetation, as
described by Ole Pedersen and Klaus Peter Brodersen of
the University of Copenhagen, in: Spectacular Underwater Landscapes of
Arctic Lakes. Illustrated.
- Some aquarium inhabitants ingest substrate for various reasons. Dr.
Adrian Lawler discusses this and suggests ways to prevent it: Substrate Ingestion by Tank
- Two different commercial website owners
were recently found to have posted a large number of articles from Aquarticles
without crediting the authors, their clubs, or Aquarticles. The
sites were closed down. Authors are recommended to try a special search technique to
find out whether any of their own works have been similarly misappropriated elsewhere: We
- March 11: Page Views Cumulative Count updated. How many times has your article been read?
Courtesy of our new site statistics service, 123count.com.
- Dr. Adrian Lawler contributed his "Knowledge Tree" - an
organised list of things a person should study in order to become an aquarist: Some
Items of Interest to an Aquarist.
- Schuyler Sloane founded
the Northeast Philadelphia Aquarium Society
just over a year ago, and here describes how he did it (Part 1 of a proposed 4 parts): Fish Have Aquarium Clubs, Why
- David Marshall, of the Ryedale Aquarist Society in England, sent Majid
Ali's latest article: The Spooky Looking Glass Worm and a report of his own, on The
Mustard Catfish, Synodontis albolineatus.
- Bob Berdoulay, of the Diamond State Aquarium Society, sent his
latest two articles, Saving Livebearers' Fry the
Natural Way, and And the
- Joe Gallo, of Texas,
contributed a comprehensive and well-written article about the Armored
- Michael Lo spent part of
his Chinese New Year holiday exploring a remote part of Sarawak, and collected a variety
of fish and aquatic plants. See his latest photographic
report, The Crypt. Hunting Trip.
2005: 849 articles now available
- February 17: Completed
three more photographic articles about China: The Space-Age City of Shanghai (tourist sights - no fish), A Visit to the Shanghai
Ocean Aquarium (lots of fish), and Jiangyin Road, a Street of
Aquarium Shops in Shanghai (almost as
- February 3: Two more articles about my recent visit to China: The
Spectacular Scenery of Guilin, followed by A Visit to the Guilin Ocean
Aquarium. This series is about the
tourist sights, public aquariums, and aquarium shops of China. China is an amazing
country. If you haven't seen any of this series yet, start with: A Tour of China in Winter, Part
1a: Introduction and the Tourist Sights of Beijing.
- A NEW FEATURE: Page Views Cumulative Count. Our new detailed site statistics service is providing a
running total of page views since September 1, 2004. See how many times your article has
been read! Updated to January 28, 2005.
- Added another article about large catfish, sent by David Marshall of
the Ryedale Aquarist Society, England: Synodontis notatus.
- More for the Travel Section, by Holger
Windelřv and Claus Christensen of Tropica Aquarium Plants (Denmark) - an illustrated
account of their collecting trip to Thailand: The Search for New Aquarium
- An original article by 'fish doctor' Adrian
Lawler, Ph.D., Hyperplasia in Fishes. (Hyperplasia is increase in cell numbers, resulting in
new growth or tumors, caused by various irritants).
- Jackie Shor, of West Virginia, wrote three romantic poems about her pet
bettas, and has now written about her new companion: Here's Rusty.
2005: 841 articles now available
- January 7: I have just returned from my annual winter holiday, and this
year I went to China. I visited four large public aquariums and saw various other aquarium
related sights, and shall write about them in due course....
- January 26: First four new
articles about my China trip posted - The Tourist Sights of Beijing, A Visit to the
Beijing Aquarium, An Arcade of Aquarium Shops in Beijing, and The Beijing Museum of
Natural History. Lots of photos. Start with :
A Tour of China in Winter, Part
1a: Introduction and the Tourist Sights of Beijing, by Howard Norfolk.
More articles to come soon!
- January 28: Two more about China: Xi'an and
the Army of Terracotta Warriors (not
about fish), and An Aquarium Market in
Xi'an. More to come.
- DeWayne L. Duff of San Antonio contributed an article original to Aquarticles: Instant Corydoras paleatus
(just add water), wherein he explains
what triggers his corys to breed.
- John Chapkovich, editor of Wet Pet Gazette, Norwalk Aquarium Society, sent Barry Lynch's
detailed article about the African labyrinth fish Ctenopoma ansorgei, and also Breeding Dicrossus
maculatus, by Sal Silvestri.
- Added a new original and authoritative article by retired professional aquarist Dr.
Adrian Lawler: Natural Cooling and Circulation of Water
- And two more by Dr. Lawler,
one about the use of bamboo around ponds: Bamboo for Ponds, and one about the most common viral infection in fish: Lymphocystis
Disease of Fishes.
- David Marshall of the
Ryedale Aquarist Society, England, sent three new articles about the large catfish he
favours: Clarius - the Walking Catfish, The Clown Squeaker, and The Ivory Synodontis, and an article by Majid Ali: My
Story on the Weather Loach.
- Was pleased to receive an email from Claus
Christensen, Managing Director of the Tropica Aquarium Plants company, of
Denmark. Claus wrote:
"I saw your webpage and I do like it! It is a very good idea and I do agree that
it is important to spread good information to the clubs and others interested."
Claus offered the use of articles he and his friends have written for the Tropica Aquarium Plants website - "As long as
it is for non-commercial use they are all free!"
Added two landscaping articles: The Open Aquarium, by Claus Christensen, and Water
Bowls, by Ole Pedersen,
and will add more in due course.
Also added Ranunculus limosella, a foreground cover plant from New Zealand that Tropica
has recently started propagating.
- In India, power outages are sometimes planned and notified of in advance. Madhu
Soodnahan writes about how to deal with these and also unplanned power cuts: Tackling Power Failures.
- Colin Calway sent another
installment for his Diary of a Florida Fish
Farm. Some fishes did well during a cold
snap, others didn't.
- Diane Plasko has started using some Aquarticles
articles in Shoreline, newsletter of the Jersey
Shore Aquarium Society, and in return has sent some articles by her club members; Emperor
Tetra and Callochromis
pleurospilus by Larry Jinks,
Black Neon by Bill Loesch, and Cyprichromis leptosoma by Len Reback.
- Over the years Ron Brown, of Liverpool England, has fed his
fish many commonplace things that he has found in his kitchen and garden. See: Foods for
2004: 815 articles now available
- From Muskego Wisconsin, Tom Haupenthal runs a website and message board
fish2friends.com, and has contributed an article
that answers the questions people often ask about the use of driftwood: Driftwood
Dos and Don'ts.
- William Berg, of Sweden, submitted two more articles that he wrote for aquaticcommunity.com, his own website: Growing
Adult Brine Shrimp, and Clown
- Jacqueline Shor loved her pet betta, Joshua, and wrote two poems in his
honour - an upbeat one when he was alive, and a heartrending one when he was dying. Go to:
- By Dr. Adrian Lawler, an
original article that discusses how to naturally cool and circulate pond water by adding
shade: Shading to Increase Water (and Oxygen)
Circulation during the Summer.
- Dr. Lawler is retired Supervisor
of the J L Scott Aquarium, and in 1995 wrote a handout that explains some technicalities
of how a public aquarium is run: The J L Scott Aquarium and Living
- On his fish farm in central Florida, Colin
Calway was surprised to find Hoplosternum littorali (armored catfish) breeding naturally.
2004: 808 articles now available
- Michael Lo is an aquarist and naturalist who lives in Sarawak, a
Malaysian state in the equatorial island of Borneo. He regularly goes on collecting
expeditions into the jungles, and has written a series of articles, illustrated by his
wonderful collection of photographs of familiar and lesser known fish and plants and their
habitats. Start with: Kuhli Loaches Cast a Magic Spell on
- Benny Ng and friends flew across
from Singapore to Sarawak and met up with Michael Lo. They spent several
days collecting tropical fish and plants, and took lots of photographs of bettas, barbs,
rasboras, snakeheads and other fish. See: Sarawak Adventure.
- Michael Lo also put Aquarticles in touch with Zhou Hang, a Chinese
aquarist who until recently was living in Singapore (he has recently returned home to
China). See his fascinating series of photographic field trip reports, starting with Field
Trip to Terengganu, Malaysia.
- Madhu Soodhanan, of India, sent his latest article: pH: To be
or not to be considered?
- Also from India, Biju Uthup
contributed a photographic feature about how he made his own inexpensive aquarium
filtration system: An Improved DIY Sump Filter for My
- William Berg is a Swedish
aquarist currently living in Moscow. To while away those long cold Russian evenings he has
created a website aquaticcommunity.com and
has loaded it with articles from Aquarticles. In return he
submitted seven new articles, including Freshwater
Moray Eels... Spawning
the Chinese Algae Eater... Keeping
- Schuyler Sloane, Founder and President of the The Northeast Philadelphia Aquarium
Society, regularly uses articles from Aquarticles in his
newsletter, The Tank. The November issue had the following:
On the net - Mr. Sky
If you are like me you are always looking for something fishy on the net. I have a
favorites folder with hundreds of sites that at all about fish. In this new section of The
Tank we will be reviewing some of them. This month will be dedicated to a site that
without it we wouldn't have some of the great content we have.
Aquarticles.com is a great site created by Howard Norfolk of Canada. The
site is full of articles that have become invaluable to all aquarium society newsletter
editors. The site is also a treasure trove of information that any aquarist can find
helpful. From tank maintenance to collecting trips in other countries, there is enough
reading material on this site to keep people like you and me up and brewing another pot of
coffee for hours.
So visit aquarticles.com often and remember if you submit an article for The Tank, we will
post it to aquarticles for you. Just wait and see how many people read your work.
Thankyou Mr. Sky!
- Schuyler also contributed another article to Aquarticles:
Water Wisteria by Bill Gehan, which, as well as describing this
beginners' plant, contains a discussion of the benefits that plants in general bring to an
- Dr. Adrian Lawler had 31 ponds on his personal property at one time. He
describes how to construct a pond and discusses the various materials that may be used to
line them: Pond Liners. He is also an expert on fish health and diseases, and has
contributed an original article about parasitic flatworms: Monogenea
of Fishes ...and another article about a
new way of controlling mosquitoes and using them as fish food.
- The group of aquarists in Chennai, India went on another collecting trip, to a nearby
tropical hillstream. See their latest report: Tada,
by R.R. Sriram, with many photos by Beta Mahatvaraj and
2004: 780 articles now available
- There is an active and friendly group of local aquarists in tropical South India. Beta
Mahatvaraj is one of them, and he recently went on a day's collecting trip with
friends in Bangalore. They caught rosy barbs, flying barbs and other fish including a
snakehead (Channa). Lots of great photos of fish and biotopes: The
Hunt for Channa.
- R.R. Sriram of Chennai
India, reports on a similar trip where tilapia, orange chromides, Indian glassfish,
sleeper gobies, shrimps and weather loaches were caught: Cauverypattnam.
- Beta Mahatvaraj also
contributed an article about his experiences breeding the Lake Tanganyika cichlid Neolamprologus brichardi and one about Selecting Discus.
- S.N. Nagendra writes how aquarists in India use almond
tree leaves as a water conditioner for
sensitive fishes, and another article: Salt Baths for Fishes.
-Last month Colin Calway wrote about a routine day in the life of his
Florida fish farm. He's had a busy month since then, since Florida was devastated by four
hurricanes in a row. A side effect was that a holding pond was invaded by walking catfish.
See Hurricanes and Walking Catfish.
- David Marshall, of the Ryedale Aquarist Society, England,
contributed his new article - Pacu - A Giant Characin of the Amazon.
- Added six more articles written by Brett
Fogle for Pond Stuff, newsletter of MacArthur Water Gardens of Boca
Raton, Florida, including a timely series of tips about Your Pond in
- Writing from India, Madhu Soodhanan
argues that flowerhorn fish, as man-made hybrids, are an abomination to the hobby and
devastating when released into the wild: Flowerhorns, alias Nightmares.
- Schuyler Sloane, Founder
and President of The Northeast
Philadelphia Aquarium Society, regularly uses articles from Aquarticles
in his newsletter, The Tank. He returned the favour by submitting an article by
his Vice President, Bill Gehan: The Cardinal Tetra.
- From the latest Monthly Bulletin
of the Hamilton & District Aquarium Society: Charles Drew, Breeding the Florida Blue
2004: 763 articles now available
- Aquarium history article. In the 1870s there was a boom in the construction of public
aquariums in England and elsewhere. How did it start? What happened to them? What were the
principles of aquarium keeping at that time? See: Aquariums and Public
Aquariums in Mid-Victorian Times, by Howard
- With permission from Splash editor Naomi Gettler, posted ten
articles from some of the prolific writers in the Milwaukee
Aquarium Society: Kevin Korotev, Dave Lorbeske, Jeff Michels, Chuck Rambo,
Eric Rogne, Woody Tews, and Tom Wojtech.
- Added Synodontis angelicus, about how to care for the polka-dot catfish from Zaire. Another
contribution by David Marshall of the Ryedale Aquarist Society, England.
- And also by David Marshall, an account of his experiences in keeping a
strain of guppies going for ten years: The Russian Cobra Guppy....And again, his experiences with Ancistrus
claro, a rare bristlenose
- Jennifer Lioto sometimes uses Aquarticles
articles in the Reflector, newsletter of the Central
New York Aquarium Society, and has returned the favour by donating an article about Julidochromis ornatus, the 'Julie', by Winnie Pitzeruse.
- Colin Calway sent an account of the daily routine at his fish
farm in Florida.
- Milton Toal, of Australia,
submitted two articles about live foods: mosquitoes and brine shrimp.
- Posted four articles by Bob
Krampetz, who writes regularly for Fish Flash, the Greater Portland Aquarium Society newsletter: Automated Water Changing....The search for the elusive 'marmalade
raised killies after a fruitless year of trying (humour), and a fascinating account of his 50 years in
the aquarium hobby.
- Paul McFarlane, of the Hamilton and District Aquarium Society in
Canada, adds a new article to his club's website just about every month. Added four more
to Aquarticles: Geophagus steindachneri (red hump eartheater) by Tony Bernard, Hemigrammus
hyanuary (Costello tetra) by Charles
Drew, Metriaclima mbenji and Pseudotropheus flavus (both Lake Malawi cichlids) by Larry Johnson.
August 2004: 736 articles now available
- Changed the Aquarticles banner at the top of this page to
include Bringing together aquarists of the World.
Aquarticles is becoming a world-wide site:
* It includes articles from authors in Australia, Bermuda, Canada, England, India, New
Zealand, Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, and USA.
* The Travel Section contains articles about fishkeeping and fish collecting in these and
other parts of the World.
* Articles from Aquarticles have been translated into
Croatian, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, and Spanish languages.
* Aquarticles currently receives over 80,000 individual
visits per month, and nearly one million hits. Visits this month so far are from, in
order: USA, Canada, Australia, South Africa, Netherlands, Singapore, UK, India, Mexico,
Sweden, New Zealand, Argentina, Portugal, Germany, Italy, Hungary, Turkey, Japan, Belgium,
Brazil, Philippines, Norway, US Military, Saudi Arabia, Poland, Israel, Switzerland,
France, and many others.
*** We're always looking for more articles. If you have written an article about
fish or aquaria for your website, your aquarium club's newsletter, or for that matter any
other reason, we'd love to hear from you! For the conditions and how to do it go to: Submit Articles.
- Added another article to The Aquarium Stores of Vancouver Series: Part XIV,
Hawaiian Botanicals, by Howard
Norfolk. Hawaiian Botanicals specialises in water lilies and aquatic plants, and
also stocks a variety of tropical, carnivorous and exotic plants that are interesting in
their own right. Lots of photos.
- In early July I visited the Seattle Aquarium in the Northwest Pacific State of
Washington, USA., and took lots of photos. Go to: A Photographic Visit to
the Seattle Aquarium by Howard
- Marshall Davis, of Pittsburgh, sent his article about breeding Tropheus
sp. "Black" location point Kiriza.
- 'Tom', in France, has
translated eleven articles into French for his website about livebearers: Passion Vivipares.
- Brian Torreano, of Wisconsin, catches and sells native North American
darters and other fish through his website btDarters'
World . He has written a series of three articles about how to keep them. Start with: Creating
a Tank for Natives, Part 1: Still- or Slackwater Species Tank.